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Australian Parks

Biamanga National Park

Biamanga National Park

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Biamanga National Park: A Cultural and Natural Marvel in New South Wales, Australia

Location: Situated 408 km (254 mi) south of Sydney and 40 km (25 mi) north of Bega, Biamanga National Park is a captivating expanse of natural beauty in New South Wales, Australia. This protected area is strategically positioned as part of the Ulladulla to Merimbula Important Bird Area, emphasizing its significance in preserving biodiversity, particularly for swift parrots.

Etymology and Cultural Significance: Named after Yuin elder Biamanga, also known as "King Jack Mumbulla," the park holds deep cultural roots for the Yuin people. The iconic Mumbulla Mountain, which was dual-named Biamanga in November 2021, stands as a prominent landmark visible across the Bega Valley. Recognized as "part of a single cultural landscape," the park shares profound cultural links with Gulaga National Park, Umbarra (Merriman Island), Barunguba (Montague Island), and Dithol (Pigeon House Mountain).

Geology: The park showcases the remnants of an ancient shield volcano, with granite rock formations and boulders tracing the course of Mumbulla Creek. This geological diversity adds a fascinating dimension to the park's allure.

History: Inhabited by the Yuin people for thousands of years, Biamanga National Park witnessed extensive logging until the 1970s. Notably, in 1967, dynamite was used to enhance television reception, leading to the construction of a television transmitter tower for WIN-4 on Mumbulla Mountain. Environmental concerns prompted the NSW Government to establish an advisory committee in 1977. Guboo Ted Thomas, a Yuin elder, led a protest against forest destruction in 1977. In 1980, an area of approximately 7,540 ha (18,600 acres) was declared an "Aboriginal place" and a "Protected Archaeological Area."

The park was officially proclaimed in 1994, underwent an extension in 1997, and became a national park in September 2012. Ongoing protests against logging activities occurred in 2010.

Description: Encompassing 13,617 ha (33,650 acres), Biamanga National Park is revered by traditional owners as an integral part of a broader cultural landscape shared with Gulaga National Park.

Flora and Fauna: The park hosts diverse flora, including monkey gums, ribbon gum, and the endangered chef's cap correa. As part of the Ulladulla to Merimbula Important Bird Area, it provides a habitat for azure kingfishers, superb fairywrens, and is particularly essential for swift parrots.

Management: Since 2006, Biamanga has been jointly managed by traditional owners and the National Parks and Wildlife Service NSW. Represented by the Merrimans and Bega Local Aboriginal Land Councils, the traditional custodians own the land title, leasing it to the NSW Government for national park purposes.

Aboriginal Significance and Sites: Biamanga National Park holds significant cultural links to Umbarra, Barunguba, and Dithol. It contains crucial Aboriginal sites, notably Biamanga (Mumbulla Mountain), a site integral to initiation ceremonies and cultural practices of the Yuin people. The park also stands as a symbol of the Australian Aboriginal campaign for land rights and self-determination.

Explore the rich cultural tapestry and ecological wonders of Biamanga National Park—a testament to the harmonious coexistence of nature and cultural heritage in New South Wales, Australia.

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